Mining means extracting different minerals from the Earth, usually from an orebody, vein, reef, placer deposit, etc. Mining is a money making business. Mining companies prosper, and governments also make money from revenues.
Mining provides employment or job opportunities for locals, provides product useful to the society such as natural gas, oil, coal, minerals, steel and cement made from coal in coal mining, and it brings about energy. However, mining contaminates and pollutes the natural environment. Also, mining barely or permanently destructs the ecosystem and is the cause of erosion and denaturalisation. Chemical poisoning of people nearby can also occur.
To prevent adverse environmental impacts, here are the laws in mining:
Mining companies are required to submit Government-approved permits, for all new and ongoing mining operations, including exploration activities.
Permits and permissions for mining activity include:
- A plan of operations
- Air quality permits
- Water quality permits
- Safety plans for dam activities
- Permits for artificial pond use
- Hazardous waste storage and transfer authorisation
- Drilling permissions
- Road use and right of way authorisations
- Water rights
Address and prevent adverse environmental impacts
Mining companies should submit environmental impact statements about their proposed activities. They should make the government and the community to any possible airborne pollution that can be likely dangerous to human health or natural resources. Prevent the release of hazardous waste into the environment by providing for their management from generation to disposal. In the case of proper waste disposal, They should not discharge toxic and nontoxic pollutants into the surface waters of the nation. Control the development and application of new and existing chemical substances. Clean up any site where there is an unremedied release of hazardous material. Prohibit water jetting or hydraulicking, a compressor mining, and the use of mercury in small-scale mining
Good read: Can microbes help clean up mining pollution? Research on a tiny ally looks positive
Mining site, operation, and machinery
Mining jobs Perth is not an easy thing to do, especially when it comes to handling heavy duty machinery. New mine developments should have operation and closure plans that define how a specific site will be reclaimed upon cessation of mining. A sketch plan or map of the contractor mining area prepared by a deputised geodetic engineer suitable for publication purposes is required. Observe sound technical and engineering principles and use appropriate modern and capable equipment, machinery, methods and materials.
Miners must be skilled and knowledgeable
Miners must know that there are a different set of rules that apply to different types of minerals. Miners must engage with other companies just like any other business. Miners need to guarantee that the activities they’re doing don’t cause any trouble or violate the property rights of others. Laws under Mining expects miners to learn and execute laws designed for employee safety.
Miners must know:
- How to operate machines and equipment correctly and safely
- How to select and use materials, including chemicals, correctly and safely
- How to use protective devices, equipment, and controls such as machine guards protective equipment (PPE), and ventilation.
- How to perform routine work area safety inspections
- How to complete each step in a task in the proper order
- How to report safety problems and hazards
- What to do if something goes wrong