A Step-by-Step Process to Setting Up a VCC Fund

The Variable Capital Company (VCC) is a novel corporate framework established in Singapore specifically designed for investment funds. The VCC structure offers adaptability and operational effectiveness, positioning Singapore as an attractive hub for fund managers.

Explore a step-by-step guide to establishing a VCC fund in Singapore.

Step 1: Understanding the VCC Structure

Before setting up a VCC fund, it is necessary to understand what a VCC is. A VCC is a corporate structure designed specifically for investment funds. Unlike traditional companies, a VCC can vary its share capital without shareholder approval, making it ideal for open-ended and closed-ended funds. A VCC can be used as a standalone entity or as an umbrella entity with multiple sub-funds, each holding different assets.

Step 2: Preliminary Considerations

Identify the type of VCC fund you want to set up—standalone or umbrella. Assess the regulatory requirements and ensure compliance with the Variable Capital Companies Act. Consult with legal and financial advisors to evaluate the benefits and implications of the VCC structure for your specific investment strategy. Conduct a feasibility study to understand your proposed VCC fund’s market demand and potential returns.

Step 3: Engage a Licensed Fund Manager

A VCC must be managed by a licensed or regulated fund manager. This approach ensures the fund complies with the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) regulations. Select a fund manager who has the requisite experience and track record. The fund manager will play a critical role in the fund’s operations, investment strategy, and compliance with regulatory requirements.

Step 4: Incorporation of the VCC

Applying to the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) is necessary to incorporate a VCC in Singapore. The application should include:

  1. Proposed Name of the VCC: Ensure the name is unique and complies with ACRA’s naming guidelines.
  2. Registered Office Address: A local Singapore address where the VCC’s records will be maintained.
  3. Directors and Officers: At least one director who is ordinarily resident in Singapore. The VCC must also appoint a company secretary.
  4. Constitution: A VCC must have a constitution outlining rules and regulations governing the entity.

Upon approval, ACRA will issue a Certificate of Incorporation, and the VCC will be registered.

ALSO READ: How ACRA Streamlines VCC Incorporation Processes Through Digital Services

Step 5: Submitting the MAS Application

After incorporating the VCC, you must apply to the MAS for approval to operate as a fund. This application should include:

  1. Detailed Business Plan: Outline the investment strategy, target market, and fund structure.
  2. Compliance Procedures: Demonstrate how the VCC will comply with regulatory requirements, including anti-money laundering (AML) and countering the financing of terrorism (CFT) measures.
  3. Risk Management Policies: Describe the risk management framework and procedures to mitigate potential risks.

MAS will review the application and, upon satisfaction, grant approval for the VCC to commence operations.

Step 6: Launching the VCC Fund

Once you have received MAS approval, you can proceed with launching the VCC fund. This step involves:

  1. Marketing and Promotion: Develop marketing materials and strategies to attract investors. Ensure that all marketing activities comply with regulatory requirements.
  2. Investor Onboarding: Establish processes for investor onboarding, including KYC (Know Your Customer) and AML checks.
  3. Fund Operations: Implement the operational framework, including fund administration, accounting, and reporting procedures.

Step 7: Ongoing Compliance and Reporting

After launching the VCC fund, ongoing compliance is necessary. This step includes:

  1. Regulatory Filings: Submit periodic filings to MAS and ACRA, including annual returns and financial statements.
  2. Investor Reporting: Provide regular reports to investors on fund performance and other relevant information.
  3. Compliance Audits: Conduct regular audits to ensure compliance with all regulatory requirements and internal policies.


Establishing a variable capital company requires a comprehensive and well-organised procedure. Comprehending the VCC framework and adhering to regulatory obligations is then necessary to achieve success. Fund managers can proficiently create and manage a VCC fund and capitalise on Singapore’s booming regulatory framework and advantageous position as a financial centre by adhering to the steps above. The VCC structure provides considerable flexibility and operational effectiveness, presenting an appealing choice for fund managers seeking to enhance their investment strategies.

Visit VCC Hub, and don’t miss out on this opportunity to revolutionise your investment portfolio.

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